Fertility Awareness

Other Methods of Birth Control

How does it work?

  • Various ways of recognizing the changes in your body to determine when you will ovulate to avoid having intercourse and becoming pregnant
  • Can use methods such as daily temperature taking or cervical mucus changes
  • Partners need to work together to ensure this method is effective


  • 75-96% effective with perfect use
  • Can be used to plan or avoid a pregnancy
  • Helps women to learn more about their body
  • Low cost
  • No side effects


  • Youth typically have irregular menstrual cycles and cannot accurately track ovulation  
  • Requires time and commitment
  • No protection from STIs, including HIV
  • Requires abstinence or condom use during the time in the ovulatory cycle when you are most likely to get pregnant
  • Illness or stress may change your ovulatory cycle, making this method less reliable